Monday, August 14, 2017

Keystone Exam Update and PA ESSA Plan

Senate Bill 756, the bill co-sponsored by Senator's Dinniman and Eichelberger, to end the use of the Keystone Exams and offer other pathways to graduation (SAT), faced challenges from major education groups due to language added including parental input on teacher evaluations.  As a result, the bill was never brought to a vote in the Senate.  In the near future, similar separate bills will likely be introduced to eliminate the Keystone exams and an opt out bill that expands the current religious opt out option.  

In the meantime, we have a public comment opportunity with the PA ESSA plan.  Over the past 3 years there has been a tremendous increase in the number of students opted out of the state assessments.  The increase in opt out is concerning at the State and Federal level.  As a result, part of the ESSA plan includes language that would punish schools that have 5% or more students opt out of PSSA and/or Keystone Exams. The ESSA plan would implement "state-approved improvement plans" for schools with less than 95% participation.  As a result, parents and students would be pressured by their school principals and teachers to participate in the PSSA and Keystone exams and opting out would be discouraged.

From page 43 of the PA ESSA plan:
School-level participation rates will be published within the state’s annual public-facing school report cards. Schools with rates below 95 percent will be required to develop and implement state-approved improvement plans, and may be required to complete a school- or LEA-level assessment audit. 
Every Student Succeeds Act (ESSA) is going to be finalized over the next few months.  The PDE has posted the draft plan for PA and a public comment section.  The comment period closes on August 31.  Please consider reviewing the plan and submitting your comments.  Each section asks for your input in 1000 words or less.  You don't have to comment on each section. At the end of the survey is an opportunity to submit additional comments - please consider submitting personal testimony here if the PSSA and/or Keystone exams has affected your child. 

The plan and link to the survey can be viewed HERE

Senator Dinniman thoughts on PA ESSA plan can be read HERE

Overview of the survey from the PDE website:
Individuals may choose to comment on as many or as few sections as they wish. The survey asks respondents to provide basic demographic data to inform aggregate analysis of the survey sample; however, all responses will be anonymous. 
This online survey provides an opportunity for open-ended comments relating to each major section of the plan, listed below, as well as a way to provide additional, written comments. 
• Introduction
• Section 1: Long Term Goals
• Section 2: Consultation and Performance Management
• Section 3: Academic Assessments
• Section 4: Accountability, Support and Improvement for Schools
• Section 5: Supporting Excellent Educators
• Section 6: Supporting All Students


Friday, June 2, 2017

Parent Testimony on Keystone Exams

June 2nd Senators Eichelberger and Dinniman Education Committee Hearing  
Elimination of the Keystone Exams and the Use of the Graduation Requirements

Parent Panel Participant Testimony 
by Dawn Sweeney

My name is Dawn Sweeney and I am a parent to five school aged children in Owen J. Roberts School District.  My oldest is the class of 2017 and my youngest is the class of 2028.  I have been actively involved with Keystone Exam issues for 5 years.  

I am also the author of a statewide blog called Opt Out Pennsylvania, which discuses Keystone exams issues. From mid-April to mid-May this year there were days that my blog had over 1,000 views.  This is significant considering the demographic is limited to parents of students who are in 8th, 9th and 10th grade.  In four weeks last month there were 18,539 views on: How to Opt Out of the Keystone Exams.  This is a clear indicator that the Keystone exam graduation requirement is adversely affecting quite a few students and that it’s a significant issue.

Students who don’t pass a Keystone are placed in remediation in the form of a class or online curriculum like Key Math or Study Island. These remedial classes are a general overview of Keystone exam content and do not address a students specific individual content area needs.  So the remediation is not individualized because neither students, or teachers get specific feedback on areas that a student needs improvement from the Keystone exam score. 

These remedial classes are an unfunded mandate that cost the school district financially and sometimes results in courses not being offered due to scheduling because teachers are pulled to cover a remedial class.

The people who score the Keystone exams are not required to have any teaching experience or any background in the tested areas of Algebra, English or Biology.  To be a Keystone exam scorer, proof of a college degree is all that is required.  Scorers are not required to be certified teachers and do not need to have any education experience. The scorers are paid $11-$14 an hour which is entry level pay.  35% of the English Keystone and 40% of the Algebra Keystone are graded by these under qualified scorers.

At my daughter high school they have 3 levels of classes, Standard, College Prep and Honors. Yet because of the Keystone exams, students are all preparing for the same test content which minimizes the distinction of Honors versus College Prep and Standard classes.

My daughter's class used a Keystone Guide to prepare for the constructed response portion of the English Keystone.  It describes the written portion of the exam where students are to write a paragraph.   On this Keystone Guide, students are told not to use “overly sophisticated language”, in other words, keep it basic.  Not something students are used to hearing in an Honors English class. More concerning is the way they are told to write the paragraph for the Keystone exam, specifically to put the thesis statement as the first sentence, not the at or near the end of the paragraph.  Writing is a cornerstone skill, and the Keystone exams asks that students place a thesis statement incorrectly in a paragraph.  I suspect the reason for this is for ease of scoring as the scorers can be instructed to look at the first sentence as the thesis statement.

I want to emphasize that is not the fault of teachers, rather it's the Keystone mandate that forces teacher to teach to the test, even when it goes against their professional training and proper writing techniques.

College admissions do not consider the Keystone exams in any capacity.  Yet, they are given at the same time students are preparing for SAT/ACT and need to maintain a good GPA – which are all things that colleges do consider for admissions. The Keystone exams take valuable educational time away from students during critical high school years. That the PDE considers putting Keystone exam scores on transcripts demonstrates their lack of understanding that the Keystone exams are not a component of the college admissions process.

In closing, I would like to tell you about two local students.  Grace is a sophomore at West Chester East High School.  She has taken the Biology and Algebra Keystone twice and failed to meet the passing benchmark. She participated in the recommended remediation, including in school and after school support. Grace's combined grade on her second Biology attempt was lower than the first. Algebra performance was better on second trial, falling 6 points short of passing.

She currently has the literature test looming. Grace has a diagnosis of a reading disability. Her prognosis for passing a language arts based measure is questionable. She meets the criterion for a 504 plan but not an IEP thus requiring her to meet all the graduation standards of the regular education curriculum.

She is left with the option of opting out. However, each test opt out would require 15-20 hours to complete a project based assessment; consider tripling that if she fails all three Keystones. Project based assessments would take the place of electives in Grace's schedule. Most would agree that electives are essential to a well-rounded education. To complicate matters further, it is questionable if Grace would acquire the number of credits required for graduation if one accounted for lost electives.

Shane is currently a sophmore at Norristown Area High School.  He failed the Algebra Keystone freshman year by a slight margin.   He had Keystone Remediation class for a semester during his sophmore year knocking out his chance of having JROTC, a class he loved and performed well in his freshman year.

Shane attended Central Montgomery County VoTechnical School for Networking Technology. He has a 95 average in this course and 2 certifications that he can use in real life work.  He will have 3 dual enrollment credits to Montgomery County Community College in this field of study.  He has excelled and feels very confident, plus has a career path!  However, Shane has been threatened that if he fails any of the Keystones that he may not be able to attend Tech school next year. 

Grace and Shane represent many other students who are in similar situations due to the Keystone graduation requirement.  These students are on the brink of their junior year and wonder if they will get the chance to graduate if they pass all subjects. I think that question needs to be extensively and exhaustively considered by the legislature. The ramifications could be tremendous for Grace and Shane, and thousands of Pennsylvania students statewide who pass all of their high school classes and requirements but have their 12 years of schooling reduced to the dubious results of a single test.

Thank you for considering the issues presented today.  I urge you to do whatever you can to eliminate the Keystone graduation requirement.


Tuesday, May 2, 2017

Keystone Exams Class 2017 and 2018

From the Keystone Handbook For Assessment Coordinators HERE on page 8 (emphasis added):
The current regulation requires that beginning with the class of 2019, students must demonstrate proficiency on the Algebra I, Biology, and Literature Keystone Exams in order to graduate. Therefore, any student in grade 10 or below during the 2016-17 school year is required to demonstrate proficiency on the Keystone Exams in order to graduate. 
This affirms that students in the class of 2017 and 2018 are not required to demonstrate proficiency on the Keystone Exams.  Also from page 8 of the Handbook:
Because the Keystone Exams for Algebra I, Biology, and Literature replaced the grade 11 Pennsylvania System of School Assessment (PSSA) in mathematics, reading, and science for the purpose of satisfying federal accountability requirements, all students must participate in the Algebra I, Biology, and Literature Keystone Exams by spring of their grade 11 year.  
The federal accountability requirements states that testing is to be administered in grades 3-8 and once in 11th grade.  The federal requirement DOES NOT mandate that students take the test.

On page 11 of the Handbook:

d.  Student had a parental exclusion based on other reasons: If a parent refuses to have his/her student participate in the assessment but does not provide a reason in accordance with Chapter 4 rules, school personnel must select “Student had a parental exclusion based on other reasons.” Students who do not participate in the assessment due to parental request will negatively affect the school’s participation rate and can potentially have a negative impact on the school’s accountability status.
Parents are not required to review the Keystone exams per the above statement which is also found on the first page of the Keystone Exam testing booklet.


Monday, April 24, 2017

Opt Out Keystone Exams 2.0 - Letter

Senate Bill 880 is legislation that nullified the state Keystone Exam graduation requirement until the class of 2019 and beyond.  Many students across Pennsylvania have taken these exams multiple times, been placed in remedial classes and/or made to take an alternative project with a minimun score requirement to graduate.  As many as 60% of students are not passing the Keystone exams while passing the Algebra 1, Biology and English classes. The below sample letter and information is provided for those wish to opt out.

Students who are up against taking the Keystone Exams this May can opt out with no recourse according to the SB 880 legislation.  The request must be in writing and can be sent via email or regular mail.  I suggest email so that there is a record.  Preferably you would get a response via email for your records.  However, many school administrators will make a phone call instead so there is no record of what they've said.  If that is the case, take notes, write an email stating "Thank you for speaking with me on [DATE] regarding the Keystone Exams where you stated "... " .  Provide details of the phone conversation for your records and email it back to them.
_______________________________________________________________________

SAMPLE LETTER:

Dear Superintendent,


Pursuant to Pennsylvania Code Title 22 Chapter 4, section 4.4 (d)(4) I am hereby exercising my right as a parent to have my child, [NAME], excused from Keystone testing.   Senate Bill 880, which was signed into legislation by Govenor Wolf on February 3, 2016, states that the use of the Keystone exams shall be delayed until the 2018-2019 school year.  For your reference the wording of SB 880 (emphasis added):
(1)  Notwithstanding section 2604-B(b)(2)(v), 22 Pa. Code §   4.24 (relating to high school graduation requirements), 4.51 (relating to State assessment system) or 4.51c (relating to project-based assessment) or any statute or regulation to the contrary, the use of the Keystone Exams as a graduation requirement or as a benchmark for the need for participation in a project-based assessment shall be delayed until the 2018-2019 school year.
For clarification purposes "Notwithstanding ... or any statute or regulation to the contrary" is a legal statement that covers any and all other state or local regulations and mandates.  That means this statement nullifies PA School Codes:  4.24 (relating to high school graduation requirements), 4.51 (relating to State assessment system) or 4.51c (relating to project-based assessment).  This also means that a local requirement to pass the Keystone Exams or Project, or Alternative/Remedial class is NULLIFIED for the two years that Act 1 is in effect, until 2019 and beyond.

For further clarification purposes, "... the use of the Keystone Exams as a graduation requirement or as a benchmark for the need for participation in a project-based assessment shall be delayed until the 2018-2019 school year.

Legal language is clear here "shall be delayed" until the 2018-2019 school year.  SB 880 can be found HERE

Thank you for your attention in this matter.  If you need to contact me, please do so via email at this address.

Sincerely,
__________________________________________________________________________


ISSUES

Parents, by now we all can recognize that the PDE and school administrators DO NOT have the best interest of students in Pennsylvania.  This is clearly evident at the high rates of students who are not passing and are re-testing multiple times, placed in remedial classes and placed in "project" based classes where a student uses a computer to take assessments on programs like Study Island until they score a minimum (usually 70%).  Most of these students have already passed the class and are still re-testing a year or two later.  As many as 60% of students are not passing the Keystone exams annually.  Think about that for a moment - there are more students not passing than students that are passing!  

What might happen if you opt out?  Your child might be threatened with not graduating, they might be told they are mandated to take a remedial type project like Study Island or nothing.  However, the legislation supports opting out with no repercussions.  If necessary, demand in writing reasons why they require and alternate pathway to the Keystone graduation requirement.  I will personally take each to Senator Dinniman for a potential class action law suit against the PDE.

The only action we as parents can take is to opt out - its the only action that has a consequence and that school administrators must respond to.  Discussions with school administrators will not have any impact aside from a condescending smile and 'thanks for your input, our hands are tied".  If we don't take action, these insidious testing mandates won't change. 

















Thursday, April 20, 2017

Keystone Update April 2017


At the April 7th meeting with Senator Dinniman we discussed the Keystone Exams.  Below is a summary of that meeting.

Keystone Exams


SB 880, which is now Act 1 in Chapter 4, made it illegal to administer the Keystone Exams for two years, to any student. The PDE made it their own legal interpretation that school districts could administer them, make them a grad requirement and bank scores for students in 2019 and beyond. The intent and the legal language of SB880/Act 1 is to delay the administration of the Keystone Exams and the graduation requirement.  See legal language below (red highlight emphasis is mine):

(1)  Notwithstanding section 2604-B(b)(2)(v), 22 Pa. Code §   4.24 (relating to high school graduation requirements), 4.51 (relating to State assessment system) or 4.51c (relating to project-based assessment) or any statute or regulation to the contrary, the use of the Keystone Exams as a graduation requirement or as a benchmark for the need for participation in a project-based assessment shall be delayed until the 2018-2019 school year.
"Notwithstanding ... or any statute or regulation to the contrary" is a legal statement that covers any and all other state or local regulations and mandates.  That means this statement nullifies PA School Codes:  4.24 (relating to high school graduation requirements), 4.51 (relating to State assessment system) or 4.51c (relating to project-based assessment).  This also means that a local requirement to pass the Keystone Exams or Project, or Alternative/Remedial call is NULLIFIED for the two years that Act 1 is in effect, until 2019 and beyond.

Key Point:  Keystone exam scores, per Act 1, are not allowed to be banked for these two years!  This would generally affect students taking the Algebra 1 Keystone in 7th, 8th or 9th grade (any student who takes the Algebra 1 Keystone in 2017 or 2018).  See legal language below (red highlight emphasis is mine):
... the use of the Keystone Exams as a graduation requirement or as a benchmark for the need for participation in a project-based assessment shall be delayed until the 2018-2019 school year.
... the use of the Keystone Exams ... shall be delayed until the 2018-2019 school year.  Legal language is clear here SHALL BE DELAYED!

SB880/Act 1 can be read in full HERE and was approved February 3, 2016.


A class action lawsuit against the PDE is already written to be filed.  No further information on this right now.


SAT Bill 
would replace Keystone Exam graduation requirement and fulfill the federal testing requirement in 11th grade
Senator Dinniman is sponsoring a bill to have the SAT as an option to fulfill the federal testing requirement in 11th grade. He clarified, and these two points are important, that his SAT bill will include language that it can be opted out of and there will not be a minimum score required to graduate. The two-fold benefit is that it would eliminate the administration of the Keystone Exam and the grad requirement and fulfill the federal testing requirement. While I am personally opposed to the SAT, this option would eliminate the KE as a grad requirement. Also, students in low income schools would have an opportunity to take them where they otherwise couldn't afford to. My biggest concern is the intrusive data mining attached to this test, which is optional, just would need to inform parents and students.

What can parents of students in the class of 2017, 2018 who are up against taking the Keystone Exams this May?


Opt Out of the Keystone Exam this May 2017.  Especially students who have already taken the exam multiple times.  We are at a point in this that we know:

  • The PDE does not have the best interest of the students, they support the corporate privatization of public schools, and they are politically corrupt.
  • School Administrators, Superintendents and Principals will not actively support students, they will support the mandates put forth by the corrupt PDE.  (Don't be fooled by their smiles and patronizing "I agree with you but my hands are tied" sentiments.)
  • Teachers overwhelmingly do oppose the Keystone graduation requirement and support students, however their jobs are threatened if they speak out on this.
Parents, the only way that this will change is to opt out. If students don't opt out, there is no consequence or action for the school districts to do.  If students opt out, in writing, then the school district must respond and take action.  Change will only happen if schools are in a position to take action, opting out is the only thing that will force a consequence or action.   

Think about that for moment, adults in the form of school administrators and the folks at the PDE, who are responsible for thousands of students education and preparing them for the future are sabotaging their lives.  Adults versus our children.  


Keystone Exam testing window is May 15-25.  In the next week I'll post a sample letter, with legal language and process to opt out and of to handle different school district responses.


Consider watching these short and very informative videos about the future of Public Education, where students will be on one-on-devices that will allow constant data mining in a corporate and privatized setting that will make public school as we know it obsolete.  








Monday, April 3, 2017

Opt Out of Opt Out 2.0

The changes coming to education as a result of federal and state level educational policies, ESSA (and even the opt out movement) turns out to be worse than the standardized testing and all its related issues.  We are at a pivotal turning point in education history.  The transformation of public education has been gradually occurring for decades.  We are at the end days of education as we have always known it, and we don't even know it ...

There's MORE to opting out than the end of the year test. Click here to find out what you should be doing next.

If you have 4 minutes, click here to learn about the REAL end game.

If you have 10 minutes, click here find out how the Defense Department jumpstarted the e-learning industry.

If you have an hour, click here to learn about a future without schools or human teachers. 

Review slides for Alison's March 25 talk at the Lake City Public Library in Seattle here.

For more on ed-tech in public schools follow Wrench in the Gears.

Monday, March 27, 2017

PSSA Opt Out for Other Reasons *New*

There is a new reason listed on the PSSA testing booklet and PSSA Handbook for Assessment Coordinators listed for opting out of the PSSA assessment.  See below:


PSSA Handbook for Assessment Coordinators (click and go to page 11)


  1. Student had a parental exclusion based on other reasons: If a parent refuses to have his/her student participate in the assessment but does not provide a reason in accordance with Chapter 4 rules, school personnel must select “Student had a parental exclusion based on other reasons.” Students who do not participate in the assessment due to parental request will negatively affect the school’s participation rate and can potentially have a negative impact on the school’s accountability status. 

Thursday, March 2, 2017

PSSA Opt Out - FAQ

1.  Do I need to explain my religious beliefs with specific questions from the PSSA test on my opt out letter?

No.  A parent simply states "because of religious beliefs."  Once a parent reviews the PSSA, this is all that needs to be included in the letter:
On [Date] I had the opportunity to review the PSSA test and pursuant to Pennsylvania Code Title 22 Chapter 4, section 4.4 (d)(4) I am hereby exercising my right as a parent to have my child, [Name] excused from PSSA testing because of religious beliefs.  
Parents must sign a confidentiality agreement. If they state anything specific from the PSSA test, THEY WILL BREACH THE CONFIDENTIALITY AGREEMENT. Parents cannot, by nature of the confidentiality agreement, write specifically what they oppose for religious reasons on the PSSA test.

The Pennsylvania Department of Education explains this, see page 4, question 10 at  Chapter 4 FAQ.
So, as long as a parent or guardian reviews the state assessment and provides a written statement providing his/her written objection for religious purposes (however vague that objection may be), the child must be excused from the assessment. PDE will not provide an opinion as to what is a proper religious objection.
  
This false statement, and other similar false statements have been given to parents from their school districts:
The Pennsylvania Department of Education has made it clear that any objection to the testing materials for religious reasons must be specific in nature, must note the specific question or questions that are objectionable and the specific, religious reason for your objection. Please note a general statement of religious objection does not meet the intention of this review and will not be considered for possible exemption.
 2.  My child is opted out of the PSSA testing, what will they do while their classmates are taking the PSSA's?

According to the Pennsylvania Department of Education (PDE) on page 9 of the PSSA Handbook. :
If the student is excused from the assessment due to parental or guardian request, school personnel must provide an alternative learning environment for the student during the assessment and select “Student had a parental request for exclusion from the assessment."
3.  When can I schedule to review the PSSA?  My school district has offered limited hours which makes it difficult for me to schedule a time to review.  

From page 9 of the 2015 PSSA Handbook for Assessment Coordinators:
Districts must provide a convenient time for the review. This may include an evening review time, if requested.

Wednesday, March 1, 2017

PSSA Opt Out 2017

This post contains information on how to opt out of the PSSA's and FAQ.

Join this Facebook group if you are interested in connecting with other parents in PA who are considering opting out to share and discuss issues relating to PA opt out.

How to Opt Out of the PSSA's

STEP 1:  Parent sends letter to the building principal that you plan to opt out.
STEP 2:  Parent reviews test at school.  
STEP 3:  Parent sends another letter stating that you have reviewed the test and are opting out for religious beliefs.

Please note that the only reason for opting out is religious beliefs and you do not need to provide any specific details as to what your religious beliefs are, just state "for religious beliefs".  Also, letters can be mailed or emailed.  I like emails because then you have record that it was sent.

STEP 1:  Parent sends letter to the building principal that you plan to opt out.
SAMPLE LETTER:

Dear Superintendent,
Pursuant to Pennsylvania Code Title 22 Chapter 4, section 4.4 (d)(4) I am hereby exercising my right as a parent to have my child, [NAME], excused from PSSA testing because of religious beliefs.
Sincerely,
STEP 2:  Parent reviews test at school.
Two weeks prior to the testing window, exams must be made available for review.  School districts must provide a convenient time for the review.  Parents will need sign the 'Parent Confidentiality Agreement' that simply states they will not share what is on the test with anyone

STEP 3:  Parent sends another letter stating that you have reviewed the test and are opting out for religious beliefs.  This letter can be handed in at the time you review the PSSA.
SAMPLE LETTER:  
Dear Superintendent,
On [Date] I had the opportunity to review the PSSA test and pursuant to Pennsylvania Code Title 22 Chapter 4, section 4.4 (d)(4) I am hereby exercising my right as a parent to have my child, [Name] excused from PSSA testing because of religious beliefs.  
Sincerely,
Superintendent reviews the request and this request cannot be denied.

School personnel must provide an alternative learning environment for the student during the assessment and complete the “Non-Assessed Students” grid by selecting “Student had a parental request for exclusion from the assessment.”

PSSA Opt Out - Frequently Asked Questions

1.  Do I need to explain my religious beliefs with specific questions from the PSSA test on my opt out letter?

No.  A parent simply states "because of religious beliefs."  Once a parent reviews the PSSA, this is all that needs to be included in the letter:
On [Date] I had the opportunity to review the PSSA test and pursuant to Pennsylvania Code Title 22 Chapter 4, section 4.4 (d)(4) I am hereby exercising my right as a parent to have my child, [Name] excused from PSSA testing because of religious beliefs.  
Parents must sign a confidentiality agreement. If they state anything specific from the PSSA test, THEY WILL BREACH THE CONFIDENTIALITY AGREEMENT. Parents cannot, by nature of the confidentiality agreement, write specifically what they oppose for religious reasons on the PSSA test.

The Pennsylvania Department of Education explains this, see page 4, question 10 at  Chapter 4 FAQ.
So, as long as a parent or guardian reviews the state assessment and provides a written statement providing his/her written objection for religious purposes (however vague that objection may be), the child must be excused from the assessment. PDE will not provide an opinion as to what is a proper religious objection.
  
This false statement, and other similar false statements have been given to parents from their school districts:
The Pennsylvania Department of Education has made it clear that any objection to the testing materials for religious reasons must be specific in nature, must note the specific question or questions that are objectionable and the specific, religious reason for your objection. Please note a general statement of religious objection does not meet the intention of this review and will not be considered for possible exemption.
 2.  My child is opted out of the PSSA testing, what will they do while their classmates are taking the PSSA's?

According to the Pennsylvania Department of Education (PDE) on page 9 of the PSSA Handbook. :
If the student is excused from the assessment due to parental or guardian request, school personnel must provide an alternative learning environment for the student during the assessment and select “Student had a parental request for exclusion from the assessment."
3.  When can I schedule to review the PSSA?  My school district has offered limited hours which makes it difficult for me to schedule a time to review.  

From page 9 of the 2015 PSSA Handbook for Assessment Coordinators:
Districts must provide a convenient time for the review. This may include an evening review time, if requested.